An analysis of plato and socratess theories of human nature and social political theories

They, the wise and virtuous, free from faction and guided by the idea of the common good, should rule for the common benefit of the whole community, so that the city will not be internally divided by strife, but one in friendship Republic, a-b.

Plato and Aristotle: An Analysis

It is also impossible without an ongoing philosophical reflection on whom we truly are. See the entry on medieval political philosophy. It cannot withstand the challenge of new times and the power of critical thinking.

To that extent the Republic presents a paradox: The restrictions which he proposes are placed on the governors, rather than on the governed. In the political model which begins to supplement the rational model from Book III onward, the major issue is conflict between rival factions over the basis for defining equality and so justice.

Rather than produce a blueprint for the perfect society, Aristotle suggested, in his work, The Politics, that the society itself should reach for the best possible system that could be attained Hacker His claim to rule is that he is the best.

Living much of his life as a resident alien in Athens, with close familial ties to the extra-polis Macedonian court which would in his lifetime bring Athens under its sway, Aristotle at once thematized the fundamental perspective of the Greek citizenship of equals and at the same time acknowledged the claim to rule of anyone of truly superior political knowledge.

Although they are the rulers, they receive only a modest remuneration from the state, dine in common dining halls, and have wives and children in common. Such a mediating force is exercised in the ideal city of the Republic by the philosopher-rulers.

Framed as a dialogue between Scipio Aemilianus, a hero of the anti-Gracchi resistance, and several others of his actual contemporaries, the dialogue has a discernible structure as identified by E.

If ruling a state is a craft, indeed statecraft, Plato argues, then politics needs expert rulers, and they cannot come to it merely by accident, but must be carefully selected and prepared in the course of extensive training. These two men were great thinkers.

There is no solid evidence that all societies are in need of such drastic reformation as Plato suggests Hacker As depicted by Plato, the search for such definitions led invariably to a concern with knowledge of how best to live, as not only one of the conventional virtues in the form of wisdom but also as underpinning, even constituting, them all.

To those who cannot see clearly they may look glorious but what appears bright is only exterior. Communication based on false beliefs, such as statements of ideology, is still possible, but seems limited, dividing people into factions, and, as history teaches us, can finally lead only to confusion.

Four principal virtues are identified: In the ideal city there are provisions to minimize possible corruption, even among the good-loving philosophers. Being in the final stage of their education illuminated by the idea of the good, they are those who can see beyond changing empirical phenomena and reflect on such timeless values as justice, beauty, truth, and moderation b, b.

This could be interpreted either as a strong normative claim —the people agree on law, also translatable as right or justice, and share a common interest — or in a weaker deflationary manner, in which the people nominally accept a common law and share a common conception of their self-interest which may or may not be in accord with justice.

The good citizen of a defective regime is one whose character suits the particular regime in question whether oligarchic, or democratic, say and equips him to support it loyally; hence he may be deformed or stunted by participation in offices defined on incorrect terms.

Life - from Politics to Philosophy Plato was born in Athens in c. As these prescriptions, and the circumstances of their writing a temporary retreat from active politicssuggest, Cicero had a complex attitude to the Greek dilemma posing the lives of philosophy and of politics as opposed alternatives.

Yet such casuistry is always advanced within a context of celebration of justice and natural law: One interesting development has been the use of Aristotle to articulate an ethics of capability Nussbaum See the entry on Socrates. He feels that the means of preventing revolutions is to anticipate them Hacker The skeptic may believe that every adult is capable of exercising the power of self-direction, and should be given the opportunity to do so.Comparison of Plato and Aristotle's Political Theories, Free Study Guides and book notes including comprehensive chapter analysis, complete summary analysis, author biography information, character profiles, theme analysis, metaphor analysis, and top ten quotes on classic literature.

This contradicts Plato's theory of one ruling class. This four-page undergraduate essay explains, compares, and contrasts the theories and discussions of Plato and Aristotle regarding the best political association. Quotes from Politics and the Republic are used to support the author’s thesis.

Plato and Aristotle: An Analysis Determining the best form of political association was important to the ancient Greek philosophers Plato. Platos' Theory of Human Nature In my opinion, Socrates’ analysis of human nature is very true as it ultimately brings us his definition of justice.

Political philosophy as a genre was invented in this period by Plato and reinvented by Aristotle: it encompasses reflections on the origin of political institutions, the concepts used to interpret and organize political life such as justice and equality, the relation between the aims of ethics and the nature of politics, and the relative merits.

He tells the 'Allegory of the Cave' as a conversation between his mentor, Socrates, who inspired many of Plato's philosophical theories, and one of Socrates' students, Glaucon. The Theory of Forms. Human Nature and Moral Theory in Plato’s Republic In Chapter 2 of Republic, Glaucon uses the Myth of the Lydian Shepherd to portray a pessimistic view of human nature.

Comparison of Plato and Aristotle's Political Theories

Plato, the author of Republic, uses his brother Glaucon to .

An analysis of plato and socratess theories of human nature and social political theories
Rated 4/5 based on 98 review