While Richard is in Ireland, his banished cousin, Bolingbroke, returns to claim titles and property seized by the king. The houses Carlisle refers to are those of Lancaster and York, and the trouble their division brings is the War of the Roses.
Although Elizabeth had made her decision to choose James as her next successor years before her death, the people of England were left in suspense right up until her death. The Keeper refuses to taste the food for poison, as is his usual practice, citing orders from Exton. In his latter days he shewed himself so gentle, that he gat more loue amongst the nobles and people of his realm, than he had purchased malice.
His final soliloquy before he is killed makes it evident that he has gained a greater appreciation for his own status in the world and his own failings. These passages echo the words of Machiavelli: His disturbed conscience is most likely a result of ordering the murder of another human being, but it also stems from his realization that he does need the divine right to rule — a truth that he ignored on his journey to power.
Sure enough this decision would later be used as ammunition against Richard as he went before parliament. Richard II is sanctioned, but he uses his power, not to promote England and make her and her people stronger, but to satisfy his personal desires.
Act V, Scene 1: The Frenchman are right subtyle; for one myschiefe that falleth amonge us, they wolde it were ten, for otherwise they canne nat recover their dommages, nor come to their ententes, but by our owne means and dyscorde betwene ourselfe. Before the Dauphin comes in to state his case, Henry has already decided to invade France.
Act V, Scene 3: What should be noted about the visit for our purposes, is that Fontenay was amazed by James, declaring, "for his years [he is] the most remarkable Prince that ever lived. But since correction lieth in those hands Which made the fault that we cannot correct, Put we our quarrel to the will of heaven.
He clearly obeys his orders and tries to fight Bolingbroke, but he seems to change sides and join Bolingbroke without compunction or hostility. But, in the drama, Henry IV is at the front, in command, and ready to fight along side his son Hal.
He understands that "the common people are impressed by appearances. The Duchess enters and pleads for mercy for Aumerle, and Bolingbroke grants it. Further, Bolingbroke alleges that they caused the king to banish him and that they then took his property in his absence.
From a Renaissance perspective, these disorders seemed greater evils than any attributable to Richard. A Servant brings word of the death of the Duchess of Gloucester, from whom York had hoped to borrow money. The England of Elizabeth. Freedom, Corruption, and Government in Elizabethan England.
He places others above his wife, and the text implies that he is homosexual, all things which contributed to his downfall. But, unfortunately, Henry IV comes to the throne as a usurper and an illegitimate monarch.
I will not say but the king and his council may err; I pray daily that they may not err. We at time of year Do wound the bark, the skin of our fruit trees, Lest, being overproud in sap and blood, With too much riches it confound itself.
It does not matter if he is insincere, as long as he conveys the right sentiment to the peopleas long as he appears "merciful, trustworthy, upright, humane, and devout" Machiavelli, p.
Bolingbroke insists that he has returned only to claim what is rightfully his—the estate of his father, Gaunt.
The Divine Right of Kings. He recommends patient resignation. By the same token, there should not be any difficulty in accepting Richard III as a tragic hero who commits many murders of innocent characters because of his tragic flaw.
In Henry IV, Part I, however, Shakespeare does not indicate that Henry has lost his rapport with the common people, or his political sophistication. Act III, Scene 3: And witch the world with a noble horseman. Shakespeare, Politics, and the State. York then "came foorth into the church that stood without the castell, and there communed with the duke of Lancaster" Holinshed, Chronicles [New York: The discrepancy between the first half of the play and the latter is marked by the language: And his loving, patriotic subjects will not stand for that.The play Richard II is one of Shakespeare's History Plays and, therefore, isn't bound to the requirements of tragedy.
This is an interesting fact to. If you're reading Richard II and you're hoping to bump into a powerful, dominating female figure like Lady Macbeth, you've chosen the wrong play.
Talk to any of the three leading women in Richard I. Scene by Scene Synopsis Scene: England Act I, Scene 1: Henry Bolingbroke appears before his cousin King Richard II and accuses Thomas Mowbray of treason for having embezzled funds, hatched unspecified plots, and murdered Thomas, Duke of Gloucester, Bolingbroke and the king's uncle.
Richard III is a man of high statue (a king), who suffers a downfall (death and loss of power) due to his tragic flaw/persistence to “prove a villain” (Shakespeare ). Furthermore, Richard III’s tragic flaws are also the result of tragic conditions: deformity and hatred from family and peers.
Of all of Shakespeare’s history plays, Richard II is the most rhyming. It is also the most rhyming of any Shakespeare play that is not a comedy. It is also the most rhyming of any Shakespeare play that is not a comedy.
His response to every problem is violence and murder. Unlike Shakespeare’s great villains, such as Iago in Othello and Richard III in Richard III, Macbeth is never comfortable in his role as a criminal. He is unable to bear the psychological consequences of his atrocities.
Read an in-depth analysis of Macbeth.Download