The library acquired five new mystery novels, 12 new desktop computers, and 17 new periodicals. Readers can more easily understand information when it is consistently communicated in one way.
However, the MLA Handbook further notes that science writers frequently use numerals for various kinds of data, such as units of measurement and statistical expressions, regardless of size.
In this case, the number is always written out as a word. APA Style does not have explicit rules for ranges of numbers, except for when referring to a page range or a range of dates in a reference list entry.
A number of specific rules for spelling out numbers are outlined in section 9. The document will make use of small numbers, large numbers, decades, and statistics.
If the number is large and you want to avoid writing it all out, rearrange the sentence so that the number no longer comes first. Many APA rules also help save space because the rules seek to increase clarity in presentation.
Because APA style is used for scientific and clinical writing, numbers are often included. For example, you would write "6 out of 10 dentists preferred the last treatment" instead of "six out of The sixth edition does not contain that rule, so the general rule about expressing numbers 10 and above with numerals and below 10 with words holds.
If your work must follow the rules of a specific style guide, understand that they all have rules for spelling out numbers that may differ slightly from the rules listed above.
Ranges of years beginning in AD have their own rules: There were 12 four-year-old children waiting for the librarian to begin story time.
If a number falls in the range of one to ten and is not a whole number, it should be written as a numeral. Most Common Rule The most common and frequently used rule for writing numbers in APA style is determined by whether the number is under Numerous examples in Chapter 7 of the Publication Manual show both numbers in a page range being written out in full, regardless of size, and example 23 on page demonstrates the same concept applied to a range of years.
There were twelve 4-year-old children waiting for the librarian to begin story time. Posted by David Becker at Decades and Centuries Decades or centuries are usually spelled out, especially if the writing is formal.
Thankfully, when using numbers in writing, you can count on a few conventions that apply to most situations; just be sure to consult your specific style guide if one has been assigned. Consistency Always strive for consistency, even if it overrides a previous rule.
Decimals Another important factor to consider is whether you are working with a whole number or a decimal. This somewhat frustrating fact is especially true when it comes to spelling out numbers.
Other Rule Exceptions Another exception to writing out numbers under 10 is when writing a specific measurement, amount, date, age or money.
One of the exceptions to this rule is when a sentence starts with a number. However, per the sixth edition, the general rule holds regardless of items that are grouped for comparison. The main purpose of this rule is to avoid confusing the reader.
Otherwise, both numbers should be fully written out ; Your question may be the subject of a future post! APA style advises that common fractions e. For decimal usage, always place a "0" before the decimal:APA Usage and Style Guidelines Abbreviations.
APA rules for abbreviations state: Acronyms and abbreviations must be spelled out completely on initial appearance in text. Use only if abbreviation is conventional, is apt to be familiar, will save considerable space, and will prevent cumbersome repetition.
Numbers. APA rules for numbers state.
Their data were based on the fifth edition of the APA Publication Manual, but most of the style rules cited remained unchanged in the sixth edition. So, we thought it might be helpful to focus some of our upcoming posts on Onwuegbuzie and colleagues’ “Top ” Top on that list are APA Style rules related to the use of numbers.
The most common and frequently used rule for writing numbers in APA style is determined by whether the number is under All numbers below 10 should be written out in word form.
For example, numbers like four or seven. How to Use the Percent Sign in APA Formatting While writing may be your forte, figures can leave you flummoxed.
A few simple rules will help in discerning how to use the percent sign when using the APA style of formatting. Numbers: Spell Out or Use Numerals? (Number Style ) by Karen Yin I think and believe that writing numbers or numerals should be guided only by logic and reasonableness, not by all those rules.
If you have to spell out numbers, you may also spell " April nine, two thousand twelve"; if you write digits, "you may write "2 men and Using APA Style in Academic Writing: Words or Numerals? Whether it’s spelling them out or writing them as numerals, numbers are a common source of errors in research papers.
This is surprising in a way, because the basic approach to numbers in APA Style is very simple.Download